08 December 2019 04:39

2 Today’s Google Doodle celebrates French sculptor Camille Claudel on her 155th birthday.

Today's Google Doodle celebrates Camille Claudel on her 155th birthday. Here's what you need to know about the famous French sculptor. 2 Today's Google Doodle celebrates French sculptor Camille Claudel on her 155th birthday. Who was Camille Claudel? Camille Claudel was born in Fère-en-Tardenois, in northern France on December 8th 1864.

At age 12, sculptor Alfred Boucher visited her after a request from her father. He took notice of Claudel's burgeoning skills and encouraged her to move to Paris to study art. After joining Académie Colarossi, Claudel worked on mastering her craft. In 1882 she met Boucher's friend, renowned sculptor Auguste Rodin. Claudel began training under Rodin in 1884.

She learnt about his method of observing profiles and the importance of capturing expressions. Her sculptures also had an impact on Rodin. Her 1886 piece, "Jeune fille à la gerbe," is widely considered to have inspired Rodin's "Galatea," completed a few years later. Claudel and Rodin eventually became an item, resulting in two personally revealing sculptures, Persée et la Gorgone (Perseus and the Gorgon) and L'Âge mûr (The Age of Maturity). The first one features a self-portrait of Claudel as the Gorgon Medusa and has often been interpreted as a contemplation of the uphill battle for recognition that Camille Claudel faced during her artistic career. Sadly their relationship ended in 1893. Much of Claudel's work lives in Musée Camille Claudel in Nogent-sur-Seine, which opened in 2017. The Musée Rodin in Paris also has a room dedicated to Claudel's works. Camille Claudel died on 19 October 1943 aged 78. 2 Credit: Alamy What does Camille Claudel's Google Doodle show? Each Doodle created by Google is shared in specific areas of the globe. Camille Claudel's Doodle is celebrated in Japan, Vietnam, the US, Iceland, Greece, Serbia, Croatia, the UK, Ireland, Lithuania, Franc and Germany. Today's Doodle was created by Paris-based artists Ichinori. They said: "Camille Claudel is a unique artist of her time, deeply involved in creating and constantly trying to open new doors. "We were so glad it was Camille Claudel, an artist with a pure and uncompromising gesture of creation. "The photographs of her workshop are amazing, it seems out of time. We can see her collaborating with other sculptors where they discuss, sculpt, think, and laugh. She is organized and quite a mess at the same time. "Some pictures show her with her tools, in the middle of her workshop, alone in that giant stone and material forest, working hard, only concentrated on her subject. These are the feelings we wanted to share. "A free, powerful, and hardworking woman that uses her hands to produce incredible sculptures, unique to her time - Camille Claudel is forever inspiring" MORE GOOGLE DOODLES GET YOUR BOOTS ON Ever wondered how the Wellington boot got its name? BOTANY DAY Who is Rapee Sagarik? Botanist celebrated in today's Google Doodle they drew a doodle How Google Doodle is celebrating Scotland's patron saint, Andrew TRAILBLAZER Matilde Hidalgo de Procel celebrated by Google Doodle - here's her story AVIATION PIONEER Maude 'Lores' Bonney celebrated by Google Doodle - here's her story What is a Google Doodle? In 1998, Google founders Larry and Sergey drew a stick figure behind the second 'o' of Google to show they were out of office at the Burning Man festival and with that, Google Doodles were born. The company decided that they should decorate the logo to mark cultural moments and it soon became clear that users really enjoyed the change to the Google homepage. Now, there is a full team of doodlers, illustrators, graphic designers, animators and classically trained artists who help create what you see on those days. Google kicked off 2019 with an animated Doodle of New Year's Eve celebrations. And on February 5, 2019, the Chinese New Year was celebrated with a hand animation transforming into a pig. St Patrick's Day on March 17 was remembered with a Celtic Google Doodle. And on March 21, Google Doodle used AI for the first time in a tribute to Johann Sebastian Bach. The Doodle allowed users to create their own tune. Google also celebrated the Women's World Cup with Doodles for each participating team. And on September 27, a special Doodle was created for Google's 21st birthday. Google Sunday's Google Doodle celebrates French sculptor Camille Claudel, who, as a woman in 19th century France, had to overcome gender-based restrictions to study art and create in a male-dominated art world. Claudel demonstrated interest in clay and molding at an early age, and on the advice of an established French sculptor moved to Paris when she was 17 so she could study art. However, the influential École des Beaux-Arts prohibited women from enrolling at the time, so she signed on at the Académie Colarossi, one of the few art schools where women were allowed to study. To honor her accomplishment and artistry, Google dedicated its Doodle to Claudel on her 155th birthday. Born in Fère-en-Tardenois, France, Claudel moved to the Montparnasse section of Paris in 1881 at the urging of Alfred Boucher. Claudel studied with Boucher for three years before renowned sculptor Auguste Rodin was asked to take over her instruction. Working as an assistant to Rodin, Claudel soon became his muse, serving as his model, mistress and confidant. Claudel was heavily influenced by Rodin's technique, especially the importance of capturing profiles and facial expressions. During their 7-year relationship, the two also had a strong mutual influence. Claudel's 1887 Jeune Fille à la Gerbe was a precursor to Rodin's Galatea, which depicts the same girl in the same pose. But she struggled for recognition of her own, and after their affair ended, Claudel descended into mental illness. She became obsessed with Rodin, accusing him of stealing her ideas and plotting to have her killed. She destroyed much of her work and spent the last 30 years of her life in a mental institution and never sculpted again. Claudel received few visitors during her three decades at the institution, and after her death in 1943 at the age of 78, she was buried in a communal grave at the asylum. Claudel was largely ignored by the art community, but she's gained recognition in recent years. Much of her work is on display at the Musée Camille Claudel in Nogent-sur-Seine, about an hour outside Paris. The Doodle was designed by Paris-based artists Ichinori, who say the topic of Claudel was personally meaningful to them. "Camille Claudel is a unique artist of her time, deeply involved in creating and constantly trying to open new doors," they told Google. "Her life was made of poetry, hard work, freedom, drama, and pure creation."