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31 December 2019 02:50

Bank holiday May Day World War II

Here is our historical guide by garden historian Twigs Way on the life and work of British architect Sir Edwin Lutyens, including the best sites to visit to see his homes and gardens. Lauuded by Historic England as "one of the greatest architects the country has ever produced", Edwin Landseer Lutyens (1869–1944) produced some of the most iconic country houses of the 20th century. Working for clients who spanned the worlds of banking, commerce and manufacturing, he reflected an era that took the best from the past and adapted it to the needs of modern life. Traditional, vernacular styles also inspired him: a 16th-century timber barn was incorporated into the reimagined and rebuilt manor house of Great Dixter (1912) in East Sussex, to create what architectural writer Christopher Hussey described as "a perfect architectural sonnet, compounded of brick and tile and timber forms". Hudson promoted Lutyens' work through the pages of the new periodical and commissioned him at Deanery Garden in Berkshire (1901), Lindisfarne Castle in Northumberland (1914) and Plumpton Place in Sussex (1934), as well as the classical offices of Country Life in London's Tavistock Street.

Experimenting with styles later led Lutyens to his inspired work in New Delhi – his biggest and most prestigious project – combining traditional Indian and classical western architecture for a series of monumental structures, including the large-scale Rashtrapati Bhavan, now the official residence of the President of India. Other hallmark features of their partnership include formal rills (water channels), formal ponds or 'tanks' filled with water lilies, pergolas, and tiles placed on edge to form pavement features, seen at sites such as Jekyll's own home Munstead Wood (1897), Goddards in Surrey (1900) and Hestercombe in Somerset (1906). Including contributions from over 1,500 artists and craftsmen of the early 20th century, as well as a small garden by Gertrude Jekyll, it represented in miniature the best arts and crafts of the era and is now on show at Windsor Castle. During the First World War, Lutyens was appointed to the Imperial War Graves Commission, designing the Stones of Remembrance for cemeteries as well as the huge Memorial to the Missing of the Somme at Thiepval and the twin cenotaphs at Étaples. In 1919, he designed the Whitehall Cenotaph that remains the focus of national remembrance; other memorials followed, including those at Dublin and Manchester.

Best Lutyens houses and gardens to visit Lutyens' garden design incorporated existing farm buildings, turning a chicken house into a loggia. Construction spanned 1911–1930 and includes turrets and crypt gardens, also designed by Lutyens. In 1911, at the height of his career, Lutyens renovated the original 15th- and 18th-century house, providing a new entrance and adding steeply roofed pavilions, a 40ft ballroom, plus exterior terraces and gardens. The versatile Lutyens also designed Georgian-style buildings and considered Salutation House, completed in 1912, to be one of his finest. It's now a luxury boutique hotel set within 1.5 hectares of gardens designed as a series of rooms to complement the house.

In traditional Surrey style, the house is complemented by a garden, laid out in collaboration with Gertrude Jekyll. Described by Sir Lawrence Weaver in his book Houses and Gardens by Sir Edwin Lutyens as "a small, albeit dignified, holiday home", this elegant Arts-and-Crafts-style house dates from 1901. The great formal garden with its sunken plat, rills, framing pergola, Dutch Garden and fragrant Rose Garden were designed by Edwin Lutyens, with Gertrude Jekyll providing the colourful planting layout. At the mouth of the Erme River, this beautiful Queen Anne house (not open) has Lutyens additions and terraces, with walled pleasure gardens, borders and a Lutyens courtyard. Opens for the National Garden Scheme (NGS) in May; put it on your 2020 calendar.

Lutyens rebuilt the house and designed the south-facing gardens in 1909. The Grade-I-listed home of Gertrude Jekyll (not open to the public) was designed by Lutyens, built from local materials and completed in 1897. Laid out by Gertrude Jekyll before the house was built, the gardens incorporate a main flower border, Spring Garden, Nut Walk, a woodland with azaleas and rhododendrons, plus paved areas and a lily tank by Lutyens. Open by appointment only, Monday to Friday (excluding bank holidays) until 30 September, £10. Altered by Lutyens in 1908, this 17th-century manor house is surrounded by 1.2 hectares of magnificent walled gardens designed by Lutyens with the help of Gertrude Jekyll.

With inspirational planting and magnificent architectural structures, it boasts a Lutyens-designed, Italianate summerhouse, pergolas and vast stone-paved courtyard. Open by appointment (£7, 01670 775205) or for the National Garden Scheme on 7 July (£5, 2pm to 5pm). - Little US/China trade news seen over the weekend - AUD/JPY outperforms, tracks rise in Nikkei Futures and Aussie bond yields - Trump visiting Japan, notes trade agreement could be announced in August - (JP) US President Trump: US and Japan are close to a "big" trade announcement - Nikkei - (CN) China Ministry of Finance (MoF) said to plan to restrict direct investment from foreign IT companies, starting in August - US financial press Ministers have applied for permission to create a new Bank Holiday in May 2020 on May 8 - the 75th anniversary of Victory in Europe Day. The Prime Minister's official spokesperson said: "There is a process for moving the date of a bank holiday through the Banking and Financial Dealings Act. "Any changes to bank holidays will be announced by the Government to give people sufficient time to prepare." However TUC general secretary Frances O'Grady said a bank holiday to mark VE Day should be in addition to the existing May Day break. The lifting of the ban comes months after the March 2019 visit by Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni where he held talks with his Kenyan counterpart Uhuru Kenyatta and promised better trade deals. In August, the same year, the ban was partially lifted but importers were restricted to only three companies. Traders and farmers in Kenya have expressed fear that the importation will open floodgates, leading to oversupply and consequently lower profits in the local market. He welcomed the lifting of the ban, saying local consumers will enjoy lower costs of poultry products but was quick to note that it was likely to kill the economic viability of the local farmers. He added: "The lifting of the ban has socio-economic impact in growing bilateral relations with Uganda, which is one of the leading trading partners with Kenya. But we need assurance that standards will be put in place to protect consumers." Kenya National Chamber of Commerce and Industry President Richard Ngatia said they would have to look at what occasioned the lifting of the ban, adding that they hoped that the move will not affect Small and Medium Entreprises (SMEs). We will look at the reasons advanced for lifting the ban and if the same will have adverse effects on small traders," said Mr Ngatia. The lifting of the ban is likely to have a toll on the current prices of eggs in the market.