09 November 2020 08:45
Google's UK homepage has been decorated with six animated red phone boxes - to mark the 140th birthday of Sir Gioles Gilbert Scott. Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, born on November 9, 1880, was an English architect known for his work on the Cambridge University Library, Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, Battersea Power Station, Liverpool Cathedral, and designing the iconic red telephone box. Scott came from a family of architects. He was noted for his blending of Gothic tradition with modernism, making what might otherwise have been functionally designed buildings into popular landmarks. Born in Hampstead, London, Scott was one of six children.
His father was an architect, the son of Sir (George) Gilbert Scott, a more famous architect, known for designing the Albert Memorial and the Midland Grand Hotel at St Pancras Station. When Scott was three, his father was declared to be of unsound mind and was temporarily confined to the Bethlem Royal Hospital. A bequest from an uncle in 1889 gave the young Scott ownership of Hollis Street Farm, near Ninfield, Sussex, with a life tenancy to his mother. During the week Ellen Scott and her three sons lived in a flat in Battersea, spending weekends and holidays at the farm. She regularly took them on cycling trips to sketch buildings in the area, and encouraged them to take an interest in architecture.
Among the buildings the young Scott drew were Battle Abbey, Brede Place and Etchingham Church; Scott's son, Richard Gilbert Scott, suggests that the last, with its solid central tower, "was perhaps the germ of Liverpool Cathedral". In 1901, while Scott was still a pupil, the diocese of Liverpool announced a competition to select the architect of a new cathedral. In 1903, the assessors recommended that Scott, 22, should be appointed. Scott continued to work on the project until his death, refining the design as he went. The cathedral was finished in 1978, nearly two decades after Scott's death. Scott's most ubiquitous design was for the General Post Office. He was one of three architects invited by the Royal Fine Arts Commission to submit designs for new telephone kiosks. Later designs adapted the same general look for mass production: the Jubilee kiosk, introduced for King George V's silver jubilee in 1935 and known as the "K6", eventually became a fixture in almost every town and village. Scott remained working into his late 70s. He was working on designs for the Roman Catholic Church of Christ the King, Plymouth, when he developed lung cancer. He took the designs into University College Hospital, where he continued to revise them until his death aged 79. Google Doodle celebrates the 140th birthday of the British English architect Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, who is known for his work on the Battersea Power Station, Cambridge University Library, Lady Margaret Hall, Liverpool Cathedral, Oxford, and designing the famous telephone box, on November 9, 2020. Sir Giles Gilbert Scott Sir Giles Gilbert Scott was born into a lineage of significant architects on 9 November 1880 in Hampstead, London in England, UK. Scott originated from a family of architects. He was noted for his mixing of Gothic tradition with modernism, making what may somehow have been functionally designed buildings into popular landmarks. At the point when Sir Giles Gilbert Scott was youthful, his mom urged him to carry forward the family legacy. She consistently went on them on cycling trips to sketch buildings in the zone and urged them to take an interest in architecture. Sir Giles Gilbert Scott went to Beaumont College on the suggestion of his dad who admired the buildings of its preparatory school, crafted by J. In January 1899 Scott became an articled student in the office of Temple Moore, who had studied with Scott's dad. From Moore, or Ellen Scott, or his dad's previous assistant P. B. Freeman, Sir Giles Gilbert Scott became acquainted with the work of his dad. In a 2005 study of Scott's work, John Thomas sees that Scott senior's "important church of St Agnes, Kennington (1874–77; 1880s–93) clearly influenced Giles's early work, including Liverpool Cathedral Lady Chapel." Sir Giles Gilbert Scott's dad and his grandfather had been examples of High Victorian Gothic; Scott, when still a youngster, saw the chance of designing in Gothic without the abundance of detail that denoted their work. In 1901, while Sir Giles Gilbert Scott was as yet a student in Moore's training, the bishopric of Liverpool reported a select the architect of a new cathedral. He proceeded to apprentice as an architect, and at only 21 he won a contest that landed him the biggest commission of his life: the Liverpool Cathedral–one of the numerous churches he designed all through his career. In 1903, the assessors suggested that Giles Gilbert Scott ought to be appointed as the main architect of Liverpool Cathedral. The choice of winner was much more contentious when it rose that Scott was a Roman Catholic, yet the assessors' proposal was acknowledged by the diocesan authorities. Giles Gilbert Scott kept on work on the project until his demise, refining the design as he went. He designed every aspect of the building down to the fine details. While Sir Giles Gilbert Scott was feuding with Bodley in Liverpool, he managed to design and see built his initially complete church. Different churches worked by Scott as of now, at Ramsey on the Isle of Man, Northfleet in Kent, and Stoneycroft in Liverpool, show the improvement of his style. For his excellent accomplishments in the field of architecture, Sir Giles Gilbert Scott was knighted in 1924, and in 1944 he was awarded one of Britain's highest honors—the Order of Merit. Giles Gilbert Scott passed on February 8, 1960, at 79 years old in Bloomsbury, Greater London, England. On November 9, 2020, Google Doodle, delineated by UK-based visitor artist Jing Zhang, observes Sir Giles Gilbert Scott's 140th Birthday. Prestigious for designs, for example, Battersea Power Station and the now-notable red telephone box represented in the present Google Doodle, Scott consolidated traditional and modern styles to make some of London's most recognizable tourist spots.