26 October 2019 16:33

Liam Williams Boxing When do the clocks change

Get the biggest Daily stories by email Subscribe Thank you for subscribing See our privacy notice Could not subscribe, try again later Invalid Email That time of year has come around again and the nights really are going to be drawing in because the clocks go back this weekend. So we are sorry to break it to you, but we're about to say goodbye to British Summer Time for another year. In no time at all we'll be waking up in the dark, going to work in the dark and coming home in the dark. However, we are all going to get an extra hour in bed on Sunday morning (October 27), so it isn't all bad. The main thing is to avoid being that one person who always forgets and arrives at work an hour early, so to help we've put together this handy guide.

On Sunday, October 27, at 2am. That's the day British summer time officially ends and we go back to good old GMT again. The mornings will be lighter (for now) and the evenings darker. How much darker? Well, on the longest day of the year - which happens in June on the summer solstice - you can expect around 16 hours and 50 minutes of sunlight.

That dwindles to just seven hours and 40 minutes on the winter solstice, which is in December. When will it get lighter again? The clocks don't go forward again until 1am on Sunday, March 29, next year. Why do the clocks go back anyway? The moving of the clocks was first introduced during the First World War by Germany and Austria - and later by the allies - to save on coal usage.

The idea was that reducing domestic coal consumption would help the war effort. Turning the clocks back was apparently first suggested by New Zealander George Vincent Hudson in 1895, but British businessman William Willett popularised the idea of Daylight Saving Time in the UK in 1907. Willett thought the clocks should go forward in April, and then back in September so people would get out of bed earlier and see more of the sun. Unfortunately he died before his plans were put in place. Funnily enough, he was the great-great grandfather of Coldplay singer Chris Martin, who wrote the song Clocks in his honour.

Yes, yes, but more importantly will my phone update itself? Luckily, when the clocks go back one hour at 2am on Sunday most devices connected to the internet like tablets, iPhones and other smart phones will update automatically. However it's still best to check so you don't get caught out and turn up an hour early for things on Sunday morning. Can't we just get rid of it and have summer time all the time? There's actually a group of lobbyists trying to make this happen. They argue that our economy will benefit from us sticking with British Summer Time the whole year round. The chances of this happening are basically zero, but it's worth a go. The dazy confusion on the morning after the clocks go back may not just affect your sleep pattern but hit your wallet too. Experts have found that on the Monday after a time shift, stock markets fall to below average levels. The dip is typically much sharper in autumn than spring. So, as daylight saving time (DST) draws to an end, we take a look at what the move means for your money. Bringing in the fall In America alone, the move from DST led to an average one-day loss of $31bn (£23.9bn) on the stock exchanges over a 30-year period, according to a research study called "Losing Sleep at the Market: The Daylight-Savings Anomaly". The Monday DST hangover theory has also been seen in Germany, Canada and Great Britain. Stock broker AJ Bell found that in eight of the past 10 years the FTSE All Share index, a broad measure of the London stock market, has fallen the day after the clocks go back in October. The average slide in value was around 0.4pc, which at current prices would wipe £9.9bn off London markets on Monday. Longer studies put the average drop higher, at over 1pc. Get the biggest daily stories by email Subscribe Thank you for subscribing We have more newsletters Show me See our privacy notice Could not subscribe, try again later Invalid Email It might seem like the perfect antidote to the autumn rains and high winds - an extra hour in bed when the clocks go back. It is the sign that British Summertime is ending and the clocks move back to Greenwich Mean Time. But while most of us will be safely tucked up in bed when the clocks go back at 2am tomorrow morning, what happens to those who are working a night shift? For, when 2am strikes the clocks on the last Sunday in October move back to 1am. Does that mean workers have to notch up an extra hour... or can they go home when they've finished their stated hours? and it will often depend on what's written in your contract. Employers can decide how they handle the situation, but it is subject to the statutory rules on the national minimum wage, and anything contained in the employee's contract. It all depends whether a staff member's contract requires them to work a shift from, say, midnight to 8am, or whether it states they work a fixed eight-hour shift from midnight. Bosses don't necessarily have to pay their workers for notching up an extra hour on a particular shift - but this can differ for hourly paid and salaried employees. But employers must take note that they must still pay the national minimum wage if they're asking a worker to clock up an extra hour. Of course, employers can simply choose to pay their staff for the extra hour, or to allow them to go home once they've worked the normal number of hours, regardless of what their contract says. Bosses need to also take into account the maximum number of night-time working hours an employee is allowed to work under employment rules. They should not work more than eight hours in any 24 hours, and are entitled to a 20 minute break when working more than six hours a day. One rule that unites all experts is that whatever rules are in place when the clocks go back must be reflected by similar, but opposite, rules when the clocks go forward in spring. Finally, it might be worth pre-warning workers on the rota that the clocks are going back to ensure they turn up on time. PEOPLE are being urged to check electrical equipment this weekend - as the clocks go back. At 2am on Sunday morning (October 27), the clocks go back by one hour and the Somerset Waste Partnership (SWP) is urging people to use it as a reminder to stay safe and check electrical equipment. Among the items SWP suggests worth checking are smoke detectors and other monitors for carbon monoxide and radon, fire alarms, anything with batteries and the batteries themselves, plus plugs, sockets and bulbs, including Christmas lights. If anything is broken or failed, or the batteries are flat, it gives families the chance to get items repaired or replaced promptly, and to recycle anything no longer needed. All electrical and electronic items can be recycled at all 16 Somerset recycling sites, including detectors and alarms, batteries, bulbs, plugs, wiring and equipment leads. A SWP spokesman said: "Checking your electrical items will only take minutes but it could prevent a fire and save a life."