19 May 2020 06:34
Shakespeare's Globe, the replica open-air theatre in London, has warned it could close without emergency government funds to get it through the coronavirus lockdown, documents showed on Monday. Without emergency funds,"we will not be able to survive this crisis; a tragedy for the arts, for the legacy of England's most famous writer, but also for the country, if our iconic site on Bankside stands empty", it said. More than one million people a year visit the site, which also includes the candle-lit Jacobean Sam Wanamaker Playhouse and a library and archive. "Like many theatres and venues across the country, it faces a struggle for survival and an uncertain future. Because everything is terrible now, news broke today that Shakespeare's Globe theater in London may be forced to close permanently because of coronavirus.
The Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme has kept us running, but as we receive no regular public funding, like other independent organizations, including the Old Vic, Royal Academy, Royal Albert Hall, we are in a very precarious position financially. The Globe is a replica of the theater built by Willian Shakespeare himself and has operated in its current form since 1997. Its streaming broadcasts of recent productions have been seen by 1.9 million people online, as the appetite for theater during the pandemic has only grown. Because the Globe is not funded by the Arts Council England (ACE), the theater was not able to access emergency funds after shutting down, not was it able to get other funds designated for organizations funded outside of ACE. That assistance, in this case, needs to come from the government, which is why this news is breaking now, mainly in the form of a plea that this beloved UK institution not succumb to COVID-19.
Much like we're seeing today, the Spanish Flu of 1918-1919 Hoosiers saw shortages. People were relying it to combat the flu in homes and in hospitals. The Spanish Flu didn't actually start in Spain. Spain was doing most of the reporting and because of where the news was coming from, people assumed that's where the flu originated." Amy said that "Blame" was also a headline during the Spanish Flu pandemic. Amy said there WAS a second wave of the Spanish Flu.
Between the two global health crisis bookmarks, Mathias did a lot of living, her daughter said. On hearing the news of a neighbor who died but was not discovered for nearly a day, Mathias asked Barber to call her every morning to make sure all was well. Talk to you later.' In the afternoon, I'd call and we would discuss our days," Barber said. When Mathias was admitted to McAuley Residence in 2018, the two phone calls a day from her daughter ended. "She couldn't receive phones because of a stroke, but I visited every day, and that was the joy of her day," Barber said. In addition to Barber, Mrs. Mathias is survived by her son, Daniel Jr.; an older daughter, Nancy Ford; 11 grandchildren; and six great grandchildren. The Buffalo News is publishing stories about people from Buffalo Niagara who have died due to Covid-19. How The Spanish Flu Pandemic In 1918 Was Reported In Surrey The Spanish flu pandemic of 1918-20 has been said to have infected about 500 million people worldwide (about one-third of the World's population), killing an estimated 20 million to 50 million victims. The first known case is reputed to have been reported at the military Camp Funston in Fort Riley, Kansas, on March 11, 1918. It is said that it took its name from Spain, a country that was seriously affected by the disease. Even Spain's king, Alfonso XIII, was reported to have been seriously ill with the flu. News of the pandemic there was widely reported, including King Alfonso's illness and recovery. In many of the countries engaged in the war, reporting of the severity of the pandemic was concealed, least moral would dip – especially in Britain. Of course Surrey did not escape Spanish flu. The numerous military camps in the county housing thousands of troops most likely spread the disease as they mixed with local people in local towns and villages while in their spare time and also with the civilians who were employed in the camps. A report in the Surrey Advertiser of October 26, 1918, gives an insight into the effects of the pandemic and makes a reference to the situation at local military camps. Under the heading 'A WIDESPREAD EPIDEMIC' it noted: "Surrey has not escaped the prevailing epidemic of influenza, and from all parts of the county come reports of schools closed in consequence of the scourge, and of numbers of victims among the people. The story then focuses on the situation in schools and notes that: "It has been deemed advisable to prevent the children from assembling and spreading infection." The Spanish flu typically affected younger people more than the elderly. There is evidence to suggest that older people may have had partial protection caused by exposure to the Russian flu pandemic of 1889-1890. One at Kingston stated that he had visited no fewer then sixty patients; another at Woking said: 'From early morning till late at night I have done nothing but rush from one "flu" patient to another'. "Dr Brind, at Chertsey Rural Council on Tuesday, said a good many people who had the 'snivels' thought they had influenza, but fortunately for them it was not that complaint." The Surrey History Centre's excellent website Surrey In The Great War – A County Remembers gives further details about the Spanish flu pandemic in the county. Quoting from local newspaper stories throughout Surrey (in normal times available on microfilm at the Surrey History Centre in Woking), it includes: "Schools were closed, often for weeks at a time," and the Surrey Advertiser of December 4, 1918, advised that "Guildford schools were to be closed to the end of the year". There was no miracle cure for Spanish flu and a vaccine was never developed, but local newspapers published details of how people might avoid infection or how it could be contained. Again, quoting from Surrey In The Great War – A County Remembers: "The advice of the Local Government Board, reported in the Epsom Advertiser of October 15, 1918, focussed on practical measures to contain the infection: rooms should be flushed with fresh air; overcrowding and large aggregations in one room 'especially for sleeping' should be avoided; 'invaded places' should be wet cleaned; 'indiscriminate expectoration' (spitting) was not encouraged; as far as possible people should minimise mental strain, fatigue and their alcohol consumption; and should avoid infecting others by leaving the house when showing symptoms. Local newspapers were awash with advertisements for medicines, compounds and "cures" for the deadly disease and Surrey In The Great War – A County Remembers gives a good account of some of these that its researchers have discovered, quoted here. None was effective and people might have been better advised to take the advice contained in the Surrey Mirror of July 26, 1918 and take up cycling to 'repel the attacks of the insidious germ'." It is recorded that there were four waves of Spanish flu, the last being in 1920. My thanks to Mark Coxhead, who often visits the Surrey History Centre (but closed at present) looking at back copies of the Woking News & Mail on microfilm for snippets of local history that I include in my weekly column, Peeps into the Past, in the current Woking News & Mail. Mark found and copied for me the Surrey Advertiser story of October 26, 1918, shortly before the current lockdown. Some of my recent stories can be found on the Woking News & Mail's website, click here for the latest (May 17). More information on the Spanish flu pandemic on the Sky History website.